In a suggestive area, nestled between the Palatine Hill and the Campidoglio, two of the seven hills of Rome, stands the Roman Forum, the area that at the time of the Ancient Romans was the political, religious and commercial center of Rome. It represented the center of all life; it stood in a strategic position, at a crossroads of important roads such as the Via Sacra, the Vicus Tuscus, the Clivus Capitolinus.
Before the entire area was built, the area currently occupied by the Roman Forum was swampy and used exclusively as a burial site from the 10th century BC. Recently, in the twentieth century, remains of tombs and huts have been found, they suggest that this place was used in remote times before as land for burials, then as a town since the eighth century.
Today the Roman Forum is one of the most requested areas visited by tourists from all over the world; a site that is included in the tours of Ancient Rome along with the Colosseum, the Arch of Constantine, the Palatine Hill and the Campidoglio.
What to see in a visit to the Roman Forum
The Roman Forum, as we see it today, is formed by a central square with a trapezoidal shape that is between the Regia and the Rostri. Then there are the basilicas Emilia and Giulia, the house of Augustus, the Severiane Arcades, the Temple of Romulus, the Vigna Barberini, the Temple of Venus and Rome. The Arch of Titus, the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine, the Curia Iulia, the Colonna Foca, the Palatine Gardens.
During a tour of the Roman Forum you can also visit the body of the great Roman leader Giulio Cesare, lying on an altar on display. Many points of interest that make the Roman Forum one of the most famous sites for lovers of history, art, architecture.
From Ancient Rome to the Renaissance
It is from the middle of the VI century BC that the most ancient monuments of the Roman Forum area start to be built: the temple of Saturn and the temple of the Dioscuri, then the tribune of the oratories, the four basilicas. It will be with the advent of Caesar Augustus that the Roman Forum is the subject of works that modify its shape: from the travertine paving, still visible, to the construction of various honorary monuments such as the Column Foca dedicated to the homonymous emperor.
With the passing of time the Roman Forum was abandoned and left to itself becoming a grazing area for animals. The main monuments present were buried under layers of earth. Only in the Renaissance period the Roman Forum was restored, even if only to make it a quarry of marble and stone.
The rest is recent history and tells us about a magnificent place you must visit when you are in Rome. Here you can get in touch with the history of thousands of years ago. One of the most beautiful and most interesting places in the capital.